There are about 9865 species of birds worldwide of which 1245 species are found in India alone. In fact Delhi alone boasts of 445 species of birds!! More than 1,227 species are considered threatened with extinction according to the IUCN. These extinctions have mostly been caused by human behavior through hunting, habitat changes and the introduction of alien species such as rats and cats.
Ecological indicators of a healthy habitat.
Several animals or species can act as indicators of environmental health. Ecosystems are usually so complex that no single component can speak for all the others. Nevertheless, birds can give an indication whether the system is healthy or otherwise, and their study can be a useful way to gain an understanding of ecosystems and their needs. A lower than expected number or range of species in an environment clearly indicates a lower ecological diversity
It is vital that they are protected and conserved as they can be among the first species to suffer when climate change, chemical or oil pollution, or infectious diseases take root in the ecosystem.
Birds and Us
The relationship between birds and people has always been a special one, and the closer one looks at these valuable associations, the greater these connections seem to become. Throughout time and across cultures humans have relied on birds, be it to supply food, to deliver messages, or to serve as symbols of power and prestige.Bird behavior varies for different species and types of birds, and even between genders. Understanding different bird behaviors can help with bird identification and finding birds in the field, and birders who are aware of the way birds act will have a more rewarding experience with every bird they see
Do Birds Have Feelings?
While there is no scientific agreement about whether or not birds feel emotions, birders who watch their feathered friends can readily see evidence of bird emotions in their different personalities and behaviors. Whether or not birds actually feel emotions, birders who can pick up on the subtle, emotion-like clues in bird behavior can take advantage of those clues to improve their birding skills..
Birds in danger
Our exploitation of birds and their habitats have led to a dwindling of both their diversity and population. About 70% of birds are negatively affected due to deforestation, pollution, extensive use of pesticides, poaching, habitat fragmentation, etc. Most birds are so adapted to their surroundings that any change in the habitat has deleterious effects on them. Dodo, Passenger Pigeons and other birds have become things of the past. If we don’t help these winged creatures, we will lose many more birds in the near future.
Caring for Birds
Many people admire birds for their brilliant colors, intelligence, ability to communicate, and graceful aerial skills. Unfortunately, because of this, people end up keeping birds as “pets” in lonely, boring cages. Deprived of many of the things that are natural and important to them, such as flying with their flock mates, exploring, and choosing a mate, many caged birds become depressed or neurotic, pulling out feathers and mutilating themselves—sometimes severely, irreversibly, and even to the point of death.
Other birds are abandoned after their guardians discover that bird behaviors, don’t fit in well with a human home environment. If you already have a bird, learn how you can make their lives as healthy, happy, and fulfilling as possible visit